Six extremities: Above and Below, East and West, North and South and the Holy Temple is set in the middle and it supports all of them.
– Sefer Yetzirah 4:4
Certain commentators have made it a point to note that the Star of David is a relatively recent invention (rather than being THE symbol chosen by King David to represent his royal line- the House of David). They have yet to counter the inherently obvious evidence that the Orthodox Jewish text of Kabbalah called the Sefer Yetzirah alludes DIRECTLY to the Star of David on several occasions. The passage cited above happens to be one of the more obvious references. Since most estimates date this text to somewhere between the 1st and 3rd century AD, that means the Star of David has been a Jewish religious symbol for at least 1,700 years!
The Sepher Yetzirah, a Kabbalistic text at least 1,700 years old, is believed by numerous scholars to refer DIRECTLY to the six-pointed Star of David. Considering the actual words of the text there shoould be no doubt that they are correct. How so? First off, the Sepher Yetzirah takes the 22 Hebrew Letters of the Alphabet and further divides them into a set of 3, a set of 7, and a set of 12 thus equalling 22.
He engraved and hewed out through it twenty-two letters as a foundation: three Mothers, seven Doubles, and twelve Simple; and they are of One Spirit. (Sepher Yetzirah 1:10)
It just so happens that these three numbers (3,7, 12) also correspond to the exact geometric attributes of the Star of David (3 points above & below, 7 parts, and 12 sides) Now some may quibble and claim this is just a very unusual coincidence having nothing to do with the Star of David. Even so, the mathematical probability for this having occured by chance alone is extremely low. The following analysis clearly shows the direct connection between the Star of David and the text of the Sepher Yetzirah:
Mapping the Star of David Verses of the Sepher Yetzirah
FIFTH: He sealed Above, and He turned upward and sealed it with vhy.
SIXTH: He sealed Below, and He turned downward and sealed it with hvy.
SEVENTH: He sealed East, and He turned forward and sealed it with vyh.
EIGHTH: He sealed West, and He turned backward and sealed it with yvh.
NINTH: He sealed South, and He turned right and sealed it with hyv.
TENTH: He sealed North, and turned left and sealed it with yhv.
– Sepher Yetzirah, Chapter 1:12-13